AKC Classification: Toys
General Size: Small
Weight: 4-11 lbs.
Country of Origin: Mexico
Terms such as “Toy”, “standard”, “teacup”, “pocket-sized” and “miniature” are not actual variations to the breed; this is nothing more than a marketing strategy that justifies outrageously high prices for the “rare” breed type. Instead, Chihuahua’s may be classified as having deer or apple heads. Apple-headed Chihuahuas have short snouts and rounded heads, while deer-headed Chihuahuas have longer snouts and heads.
Chihuahuas are very low-maintenance when it comes to grooming. For those with longer coats, they must be groomed at least 5 times a week using a brush with soft bristles. Short coats require less attention as it should already be glossy on its own. They must be bathed at least once a month with a safe and mild shampoo. They come in different colors such as fawn, black, white and brown with occasional patches of color, and are average shedders.
Training this breed of dog is best done through positive reinforcement. Because of its size, owners tend to get carried away and treat Chihuahuas like babies. This is one of the reasons why they end up being terrible companions for children. By letting them get away with actions that would otherwise mean trouble for a larger dog breed, they assume that they are the pack leaders, and this mindset triggers the need to dominate other dogs and even people.
The average lifespan ranges from 15 to 17 years.
Incorporate extensive human interaction early on, to reduce chances of aggression in later years. It is also important to remain calm and assertive, as the owner’s temperament is reflected in the dog. They are loyal creatures and become attached to as many as three people; however, it is very likely for them to gravitate towards one person only. In extreme cases, Chihuahuas become possessive and overprotective of their owners and may even attack if they feel starved for attention. This breed does not deal well with being ignored. In fact, it thrives in the spotlight.
This history of this breed is interesting because of the many colorful theories regarding its origin. The general consensus is that Chihuahuas are originally from Mexico. However, others claim that they are descended from a larger breed revered by the Aztec royals. After extensive research on this claim it was ruled as highly unlikely as the Aztecs were more fond of Techichis, another breed of dog. Closer analysis of the DNA sample points more towards Old World origins, perhaps even derived from toy terriers. They were also said to be plentiful in the early 16th century, particularly in the region of Chihuahua, Mexico.
The Chihuahua’s ears are sensitive, so special care must be given when bathing because the breed is susceptible to ear infections. Regular dental appointments are also recommended to prevent loss of teeth. Other health concerns include heart disease, joint injuries, rheumatism, glaucoma, corneal dryness and collapsed trachea, which is one of the most common ailments that plague this breed. Trembling due to stress, cold or excitement is also common. Chihuahuas are the only breed born with “moleras” or soft spots in the skull. The first few months after birth are crucial, as this is their most fragile period.
Breeders Domain offers a direct connection to quality, responsible Chihuahua Breeders in the United States and Canada. We have an extensive directory of Chihuahua Puppies for Sale and Chihuahua Breeders. The majority of our Chihuahua Breeders offer health guarantees and nationwide shipping of their puppies to approved homes. Breeders Domain is also an excellent source of information about the Chihuahua breed, general health concerns and photos of Chihuahua puppies and adults.